India’s Lawyers: Guide

India has one of the world’s largest legal systems, which has helped it become a major democracy. The modern legal profession was molded by the British legal system.

India is one of the few countries with a recorded legal history from the Vedic era and the Indus Valley Civilization. The present Indian legal system began in 1672 when Governor Aungier founded the first British Court in Bombay. The courts in Madras and Calcutta’s presidency towns followed. There were no prerequisites for practicing in these courts at the time. These courts practiced these subjects.

The Indian Bar Council Act of 1926 first professionalized the legal system. This Act incorporated, established, and regulated British India Bar Councils.

Thanks to India’s unified bar, the current legal system and profession is unified. India has one of the world’s largest legal systems with USD 1.3 billion in legal markets in 2018.

Law Categories


The Supreme Court or any of the 21 High Courts might designate Advocates & Senior Advocates based on their exceptional status at the Bar or expertise and experience. Only 1% of attorneys are Senior Advocates, influential senior lawyers. The Bar Council of India maintains a seniority registration list for senior advocates selected by one court. Senior Advocates aren’t authorized to take client briefs directly to give junior advocates more experience. Senior advocates have time for study and academics.

Corporate Attorneys

At independence, legal firms were mostly in Bombay and Madras. Globalization and the openness of the market have greatly influenced law firms, adding to transactional and litigation activity. These corporate legal firms recruit India’s top law school graduates.


Despite the proliferation of law schools across India, the country lacks adequate litigation attorneys to meet demand. This class of attorneys focuses on domestic matters and individual practice. In the past, litigation attorneys mostly practiced in urban areas, but now they’re extending to Tier-1 and Tier-2 villages. This class of attorneys has another challenge: their pay is lower than that of divorce lawyers in Delhi, but demand is high, giving young Indians an opportunity to tap into it.

India’s Lawyers

Law is a broad profession in theory and practice, affecting individuals, corporations, governments, and more. So it’s logical that the profession is diverse. According to their practice or position, below are the primary sorts of attorneys in India:

Private lawyers don’t work for the government or nonprofits. They’re paid more than public or government lawyers. Your annual salary might range from 12 to 20 lakhs.

Public interest attorneys develop legal processes, and legislation, and represent low-income clients. Public interest attorneys usually work for the government or organizations and earn less. They make $4-8k annually.

Trial lawyers specialize in business law, medical malpractice, and civil or criminal trials. Civil and criminal trials have comparable evidentiary frameworks and regulations, but separate methods..

Immigration Lawyers Aid With Paperwork, Visas, And Deportation

Estate lawyers create powers of attorney, trusts, wills, deeds, and tax ramifications.

Injury attorneys – Personal damage includes emotional and physical pain. These lawyers assist harmed people collect damages, defending them in litigation, and filing medical malpractice and product claims.

Civil rights lawyers assist people to preserve their civil rights or collecting damages if the government or another institution interferes with them. Their annual compensation is 4 to 6 lakhs.

Prosecutors and defense lawyers are criminal lawyers. Prosecutors represent the government or state, whereas defense attorneys defend criminal suspects. Criminal lawyer salaries range from 3 to 12 lakhs per year, depending on the profile.

Government Attorneys Union, state, and local governments all employ lawyers. These attorneys help the government with laws. Their annual compensation is 3 to 5 lakhs.

Lawyers for IP They manage IP, patents, trademarks, and copyrights. They operate in a new and fast-growing market with a beginning salary of Rs 4 Lakh.

Tax Lawyers – The tax and corporate departments send thousands of notices and circulars every quarter. Tax rules are revised virtually year, and Indian courts have diverse opinions on the same issue. Young attorneys are drawn to the profession because of its diversity, opportunity, and decent pay. In a respectable legal practice, starting wages average Rs 5-7 lakhs.

Internet And Media Attorneys:

These lawyers handle website terms-and-conditions legal concerns. Internet and media have given attorneys new opportunities.